What is migraine?
Migraine is a neurological condition. It’s frequently characterized by intense, debilitating headaches. Symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, difficulty speaking, or tingling, and sensitivity to light and sound. Migraines often run in families and affect all ages.
There are a number of cases. The most common categories of migraine are those that have been previously known as the common migraines.
May not occur until early adulthood. Women are more likely than men to have migraines. Family history is one of the most common risk factors for migraines.
Migraines are different from other headaches. If your headaches might be migraines.
Migraine symptoms before the headache itself. This is a prodrome stage. Symptoms during this stage can include:
- food cravings
- fatigue or low energy
- frequent yawning
- neck stiffness
In migraine with aura, the aura occurs after the prodrome stage. During an aura, sensation, movement, and speech. Examples of these problems include:
- difficulty speaking clearly
- feeling in your face, arms, or legs
- seeing shapes, light flashes, or bright spots
- temporarily losing your vision
The next phase is known as the attack phase. This is where the actual migraine pain occurs. In some people, this can overlap or occur during an aura. Attack phase symptoms can last anywhere from hours to days. Person to person. Some symptoms may include:
- increase sensitivity to light and sound
- dizziness or feeling faint
- back, back, back, back, or back, back
- pulsing and throbbing head pain
After the attack, the person will often experience the postdrome phase. During this phase, there are usually changes in mood and feelings. These can range from feeling euphoric and extremely happy to feeling very fatigued and apathetic. A mild, dull headache may persist.
Different degrees of intensity. Sometimes, it is possible that a migraine attack occurs without causing a headache. Learn more about the migraine symptoms and stages.
People describe migraine pain as:
It can also feel like a severe dull, steady ache. Mild, but without treatment will be moderate to severe.
Migraine pain most commonly affects the forehead area. It can usually occur on both sides, or shift.
Most migraines last about 4 hours. 72 hours to a week if they’re not treated or don’t respond to treatment. In migraines with aura, it can never occur at all.
It can be a problem. Treatment can also help make the migraines you have less severe.
Your treatment plan depends on:
- your age
- how often you have migraines
- the type of migraine you have
- How much do you need?
- whether they include nausea or vomiting
- medications you may have
Your treatment plan may include a combination of these:
- self-care migraine remedies
- lifestyle adjustments, including stress management and avoiding migraine triggers
- OTC pain or migraine medications, such as NSAIDs or acetaminophen (Tylenol)
- prescription migraine medications
- For a person who wants to get rid of her
- prescription medications to help with nausea or vomiting
- hormone therapy for your menstrual cycle
- alternative care, which may include biofeedback, meditation, acupressure, or acupuncture
Check out these and other migraine treatments. Migraine remedies
You can also help remedy your pain from your migraines:
- Lie down in a quiet, dark room.
- Massage your scalp or temples.
- Place your cold cloth over your forehead or behind your neck.
- Many people also try herbal remedies to relieve their migraines.
It can be used. You may be able to get relief with OTC medication. However, if medications aren’t effective, then medications.
These options are based on your migraines. Medication options for treatment during an attack.
Medication overuse headache
What has been known as medication overuse headache (previously called a rebound headache)? With this development, complications have been raised.
It is important to note that it is not a problem. Learn more about medication overuse headaches.
There are a couple of surgical procedures that are used to treat migraine. However, they haven’t been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The procedures include neurostimulation procedures and migraine trigger site decompression surgery (MTSDS).
American Migraine Foundation The headache specialist has been completed an accredited headache medicine.
During these procedures, a surgeon inserts electrodes under your skin. The electrodes deliver electrical stimulation to specific nerves. Several types of stimulators are currently being used. These include:
- occipital nerve stimulators
- deep brain stimulators
- vagal nerve stimulators
- sphenopalatine ganglion stimulators
Insurance coverage for stimulators is rare. This is an ongoing process of treatment of headaches.
This is a procedure for the migrant migraines. Onabotulinumtoxin A (Botox) injections are typically used during a migraine attack. Under sedation, the surgeon deactivates or decompresses the isolated nerves. Plastic surgeons usually perform these surgeries.
The American Headache Society doesn’t endorse treatment of migraine with MTSDS. They are aware of the risks first.
These surgeries are considered experimental until then. They may however have a role for people with chronic migraines that haven’t responded to other treatment. So, is plastic surgery?
What causes migraines?
Researchers haven’t identified a definitive cause for migraines. However, it is possible to find the condition. This includes changes in brain chemicals, such as a chemical in serotonin.
Other factors that may trigger a migraine include:
- bright lights
- severe heat, or other extremes in weather
- changes in barometric pressure
- hormone changes in women, such as estrogen and progesterone fluctuations during menstruation, pr
- egnancy, or menopause
- excess stress
- loud sounds
- intense physical activity
- skipping meals
- changes in sleep patterns
- use of certain medications such as oral contraceptives or nitroglycerin
- unusual smells
- certain foods
- alcohol use
If you experience a migraine, you can keep a headache journal. You can help identify your triggers. Find out what could be causing your migraines.
Foods that trigger migraines
It is more likely to trigger migraines than others. These may include:
alcohol or caffeinated drinks
food additives, such as nitrates (a preservative in cured meats), aspartame (an artificial sugar), or monosodium glutamate (MSG)
tyramine which occurs naturally in some foods
Tyramine also increases when foods are fermented or aged. This includes foods like some aged cheeses, sauerkraut, and soy sauce. However, ongoing research is not more closely related to the role of tyramine in migraines. It may be a headache protector in some people rather than a trigger. Check out these other foods that trigger migraines.
There are many types of migraines. Two of the most common types are migraine without aura and migraine with aura. Some people have both types.
There are more than one type of migraines.
Migraine without aura
This type of migraine is used to be called common migraine. Most people with migraine don’t experience an aura.
According to the International Headache Society, it is not clear that these characteristics:
- Headache attack usually doesn’t last treat 4: 72 hours if it’s not treated or if treatment doesn’t work.
- Headache has at least two of these traits:
- it occurs only on one side of the head (unilateral)
- pain is pulsating or throbbing
- pain level is moderate or severe
- pain gets you
- Headache has at least one of these traits:
- it makes you sensitive to light (photophobia)
- it makes you sensitive to sound (phonophobia)
- you experience or vomiting or diarrhea
Headache isn’t caused by another health problem or diagnosis.
Migraine with aura
This type of migraine is used to be a classic, mixed migraine, and hemiplegic migraine. Migraine with aura occurs in 25 percent of people who have migraines.
According to the International Headache Society, you have these characteristics:
- An aura that goes away is completely reversible,
- visual problems (the most common aura symptom)
- problems of the body, face, or tongue, such as numbness, tingling, or dizziness
- speech or language problems
- problems moving or weakness
- brainstem symptoms, which includes:
- difficulty talking or dysarthria (unclear speech)
- vertigo (a spinning feeling)
- tinnitus or ringing in the ears
- hypacusis (problems hearing)
- diplopia (double vision)
- ataxia or an inability to control body movements
- dilated consciousness
- one of the most common types of eye blindness, one that is called retinal migraines
An aura that has at least two of these traits:
- at least one symptom spread gradually over five or more minutes
- if you have three symptoms
- at least one symptom of aura, including vision, speech, or language problems
- aura occurs before the headache
- It’s not caused by the ischemic attack.
An aura usually occurs before the headache starts. Alternatively, it can be done at the same time as the headache does. Learn more about these two types of migraine.
It can be used as a combination of mixed headaches and mixed headaches. It’s also sometimes called a severe migraine and can be caused by medication overuse.
People who have chronic migraines are more severely than 15 days a month for 3 months or more. More than eight of those headaches are migraines with or without aura. Check out more differences between migraines and chronic migraines.
Compared to people who are chronic migraines, people with chronic migraines are more likely to have:
- severe headaches
- more disability at home and away from home
- another type of chronic pain, like arthritis
- other serious health problems (comorbidities), such as high blood pressure
- previous head or neck injuries
- Learn how to get relief from chronic migraines.
- ute migraine
Acute migraine is diagnosed as chronic. This is an episodic migraine. People who have episodic migraines have headaches for up to 14 days a month. Thus, people with episodic migraines have fewer headaches.
Vestibular migraine vertigo. About 40 percent of people who have some vestibular symptoms. These symptoms affect balance, cause dizziness, or both. People of any age, including children, may have vestibular migraines.
Neurologists typically treat people who have difficulty managing their migraines, including vestibular migraines. This type of migraine is used for other types of migraine. Vestibular migraines are also sensitive to foods that trigger migraines. It can help you to prevent or reduce your body’s mind.
Your doctor may also suggest a therapist. They are not always at their worst. You can talk about taking preventive medications. Keep reading about vestibular migraine.
Optical migraine, ocular migraine, ophthalmic migraine, monocular migraine, and retinal migraine. This is a rarer type of migraine with aura, but unlike other visual auras, it affects only one eye.
The International Headache Society defines the retinal migraines as one of the most diverse types of reversible problems. The symptoms may include:
flashes of light, called scintillations
a blind spot or partial loss of vision, called scotomata
loss of vision in one eye
Headache. Sometimes optical migraines are painless. Most people who have an optical migraine have had another type of migraine before.
Exercise may bring on the attack. These headaches aren’t caused by an eye problem, such as glaucoma. Find out more of this type of migraine.
Complex migraine isn’t a type of headache. It is a complex or complicated way to describe migraines, although it’s not necessary to understand them. Some people use “complex migraine” to have symptoms. These symptoms include:
- trouble speaking
- loss of vision
- You can get a clear, accurate heading.
Menstrual-related migraines affect up to 60 percent of women who experience any type of migraine. They can occur with or without an aura. They can also occur before, during, or after menstruation and during ovulation.
Research has been shown to be more intense, last longer, and no longer significant.
In addition to standard treatments for migraines, women can also benefit from medication.